Site F Graceland Estate, Chima Bus stop, Off Alakija Road, Satellite town, Lagos.



Foundation Text: Act 1:1 – 17

“What is he talking about? How in heavens name are we going to survive without you”?

One could not but imagine this thought that could have been in the Apostles hearts and a grim expression on their faces that day as Jesus’ words summered through their expectation like hot knife through a slab of wax. Jesus had earlier talked about the promise of the Father (the Holy Ghost) and had instructed them to stay in Jerusalem and wait until the Holy Ghost had come upon them so they could be effective witness of Him in Jerusalem, Samaria, Judea and the uttermost part of the earth (Act 1:1 – 7). The fulfilment of that promise came about in chapter two of the book of Acts. Since then, there has been no record in the scripture that the Holy Spirit went back to the Father. What is striking in that passage of scripture (Acts 1:1 – 7) is that Jesus mentioned two types of baptism: the baptism of John, and the baptism of the Holy Spirit. In this study, we want to know; are they one and the same? Is there a physical evidence authenticating the reality of receiving the Holy Ghost?

It is noteworthy to establish the fact that scripture states emphatically and patiently that the promise of the Holy Spirit is not for all men (Act 2:38 – 39); what this means is that all that have received Jesus as personal Lord and Saviour (John 14:15 – 17) has the right to the promise of the Father. It is impossible therefore for the world to receive the Holy Ghost, the reason being that they neither know Him nor see Him; in other words, the Holy Spirit cannot be revealed to a man of the world.

The acceptability of the Lordship of Jesus Christ is the reason Christians can recognize and receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Therefore, if a man claims to have the Holy Spirit and unequivocally denounces the Lordship of Jesus Christ as Saviour, he is either deceived or ignorant of the teachings in the Bible. Hence one’s ability to recognize and receive the Holy Spirit is dependent on one’s choice to accept Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour, thereafter be baptized in His name. This is what the born again experience means.

The blood of Jesus Christ remit sin from our lives as Christians, purge our conscience from dead works so that our hearts could be aware of and accept the gift of the Holy Ghost. Some quarters had argued that the day you gave your life to Jesus Christ and were baptized in water you automatically have the Holy Spirit. The Bible teaches otherwise. They are two different spiritual experiences.

Taking a cue from scriptures we see where persecution had hit the early church of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem, dispersing them to neighbouring cities leaving the Apostles and Deacons; meanwhile Philip found himself in Samaria preaching Christ and cause many to give their life to Jesus Christ including Simon, a Sorcerer (Act 8:5 – 13). Notice in verse 12 that the bible records that they were baptized both men and women. One can say right away that this is a baptism into the body of Christ. It is a common practice in the early church of Jesus Christ that when someone believes in the Lord Jesus Christ, that individual is immediately qualified for water baptism (Act 8:26) without going through a baptismal class as it is commonly practiced in today’s church. So there is no gain saying that even Simon the sorcerer was not left out of the baptismal equation when he confessed Jesus as Lord and Saviour. If suffice to say here therefore that His baptism mentioned in Acts 8 was totally a different experience from the baptism of the Holy Ghost. We draw our conclusion from the fact that the bible records that when Simon the sorcerer saw that the gift of the Holy Spirit was given by the laying on of the Apostles hands, he offered them money. It appears laying on of hands was and is still one primary way of receiving the baptism of the Holy Ghost; another we see in Acts 10:44. Proving a clear cut distinction between the baptism of water and the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

Furthermore, Apostle Peter’s experience in the house of Cornelius a captain in the Italian Regiment buttressed the aforementioned position reiterating that there is a fine line between the baptism of water and the Holy Spirit.

As we read the Acts of the Apostles, we see that those who receive the Baptism of the Holy Ghost speak with other tongues and prophesied in other words, there was an evidence that was physical to them. For instance Simon the sorcerer was not just about the only one who saw that evidence hence, offering the Apostles money this describing the experience as a spiritual ability. Further it was made abundantly clear that the Holy Spirit can fall upon people without the laying on of hands nevertheless our submission is to the truth of scriptures (Bible) that the baptism of the Holy Spirit or when a man receives the baptism of the Holy Spirit, speaking in other tongues and possibly prophesying is the physical evidence to show.


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